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Basic geology, ore deposits, mining districts and regional geology


A tungsten carbide tipped drill bit used for drilling holes through bricks, tiles, and concrete.

Tungsten is the 74th element on the periodic table and is closely related to both chromium and molybdenum. Tungsten has the symbol W, an abbreviation of wolfram, which is of ...

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Tin cans are composed mainly of steel with a thin coating of tin.

Tin is number 50 on the periodic table of the elements. It has the symbol Sn, which is an abbreviation of stannum; the Latin word for tin. With a concentration ...

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Diamonds – Where They Are Found and Why

Cullian (Premier) Mine - South Africa Image CC

Like gold, diamonds were originally recovered from alluvial deposits. However, unlike gold, the actual mining of diamonds from source deposits didn’t start until the late 19th century in the Kimberley ...

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Platinum Group Metals

Platinum Eagle Coin

There are six platinum group metals or PGMs  . The group comprises; platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), iridium (Ir), osmium (Os) and ruthenium (Ru). The platinum group metals are ...

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Zinc coating on iron sheeting displaying feathery needle-like crystals. The process of coating iron and steel for rust-proofing is known as galvanising.

Zinc is the 30th element on the periodic table. It has the symbol Zn, which is an abbreviation of zinke; the German word for “tooth-like, pointed or jagged”, which probably ...

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Galena Crystals on Barite from Cerro de Pasco, Peru Image: CC

Lead is number 82 on the periodic table of the elements. It is the most stable of the high atomic number elements. All other elements higher in atomic number, undergo ...

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Banded iron formations, Pilbara, Western Australia

Iron is number 26 on the periodic table of the elements. Iron has the symbol Fe, which is an abbreviation of ferrum; the Latin word for iron. From studying iron-nickel ...

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