Home / Knowledge Base / Geology / The Basics

The Basics

Basic geological concepts and terminology. The fundamentals of geology as they relate to mining and mineral exploration.

Folding, Faulting and Mineralization

On a smaller scale they can help identify planes of weakness and channels in which fluids may have deposited economic minerals. On a larger scale they can help the geologist to ...

Read More »

Alluvial and Placer Mineral Deposits

Sluice box for gold mining. Image: CC

Technically a placer deposit is the general term for a mineral deposit formed by the concentration of moving particles by gravity. Alluvial is the name  for placer deposits formed by ...

Read More »

Classification of Mineral Deposits

Geologists, are known to have more opinions than economists, so it should come as no surprise that the classification of mineral deposits, is an on-going hot topic.  The details will ...

Read More »

Location, Location, Location

An ore hauling icebreaker, the MV Arctic, used by the logistically-challenged Polaris Mine

Finding an economic mineral deposit is a big deal, but few geologists get to add “found a mine” to their resume. Why? Economic conditions such as commodity prices and availability ...

Read More »