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Knowledge Base

Our knowledge base of articles on exploration geology and geological methods is written with the non-professional in mind. Learn the basics of geological exploration, drilling, key commodities and mining. Read about mineral deposit types and important discoveries.

Komatiites and Ni-Cu-PGE deposits

Introduction Komatiites (pronounced ko-ma-tee-ites) are an unusual and very ancient volcanic rock. They are interesting to geologists for their unique “spinifex” texture, their exceptional chemical composition and the high-temperature conditions ...

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Anorthosites: Fe-Ti and Vanadium Deposits

Introduction Many are familiar with the platinum group element and chromite-rich rock sequences, and vanadium magnetite layers of the Bushveld Igneous Complex, South Africa, which make up the world’s largest ...

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Minerals, Mining and the Green Revolution

A solar powered Tesla charging station in California

While we still remain reliant on fossil fuels, there is tremendous momentum towards renewable energy in many countries. Increasingly, our homes and businesses are powered by solar panels and wind ...

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Aerial Drones in Mineral Exploration

Introduction The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV or “drone”) industry is evolving at breakneck speed, and it is often difficult for mining companies to keep up. In fact, it has been ...

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Cerro Rico Part 2: Geology

“I am the rich Potosi, the treasure of the world, the king of mountains, and the envy of kings” Charles V Emperor Holy Roman Empire, King of Spain. Despite the richness ...

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